12th IRC Wuhan China 2007, Vol 4
Sustainable Development in Cruciferous Oilseed Crops Production

PLANT PROTECTION

Diseases

Leptosphaeria maculans avirulence management for durable control of phoma stem canker on oilseed rape • J. S. West, A. O. Latunde-Dada, S. L. Rogers, Y-J. Huang, N. Evans, B. D. L. Fitt 2
A national system for comparative rating of blackleg resistance in Brassica napus L. cultivars in Australia • Trent Potter, Neil Wratten, Chris Lisle, Steve Marcroft 5
Genetic variation, genetic distance and population structure of the blackleg pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans of canola/rapeseed • Yu Chen, Brian Fristensky, Paula Parks, W. G. Dilantha Fernando 8
Is durable blackleg resistance in Australia possible? •S. J. Marcroft, H. Li, S. J. Sprague, B.J. Howlett, M.J. Barbetti, K. Sivasithamparam, T. D. Potter, W. A. Burton, S. Barnes, D. Robson, J. Kay, I. Ludwig, M. Hoskings, P. Flett, P. Taylor, R. Lutt, I. Schulz, D. Sargeant, S. Ballinger, P.A. Salisbury  11
Understanding symptomless growth of Leptosphaeria maculans in Brassica napus (oilseed rape) to manage phoma stem canker • Yongju Huang, Elizabeth Pirie, Neal Evans, Regine Delourme, Graham J. King, Bruce DL Fitt 14
Multiple mechanisms of biocontrol by Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23 affect stem rot of canola caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum • W. G. Dilantha Fernando, S. Nakkeeran, T. de Kievit, N. Poritsanos, Y. Zhang, T. C. Paulitz, Z. Li, R. Ramarathnam 17
Risk-factors for the occurrence of Verticillium longisporum in winter oilseed rape in Germany • 
Holger Kreye, Peter Steinbach, Gerhard Wolf 21
Estimation of winter canola (Brassica napus L.) growth curve under different weed interference durations • 
Majid Aghaalikhani, Saeid Reza Yaghoubi 25
Strategies to prevent spread of Leptosphaeria maculans (phoma stem canker) onto oilseed rape crops in China • Bruce D. L. Fitt, Baocheng Hu, Ziqin Li,Shengyi Liu, Ralph M. Lange, Prem D. Kharbanda, Rodger P. White 28
Resistance evaluation of oilseed rape cultivars and germplasms to Turnip mosaic virus • CHEN Kunrong, CAI Li, XU Zeyong, YAN Liying, WANG Guoping 32
Preliminary study on Gramineae resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum • 
GUO Xuelan, DONG Caihua, MARTIN Barbetti, WANG Dehu, LIU Shengyi 35
Introduction of a new specific resistance against Leptosphaeria maculans in oilseed rape commercial varieties in France: Monitoring of introduction and control of virulence behaviour to try to avoid resistance break down in a pilot production area in the central part of France • 
Pinochet X.,Penaud A., Sauzet G., Lodé M., Carpezat J., Pic E., Mestries E. 37
Fungal infection and mycotoxin contamination in mustard oilseeds during storage in India  • 
A.K. Bhatnagar, Manju Tomar-Balhara 41
The potential of sulfur induced resistance against plant diseases of oilseed rape • 
Silvia Haneklaus, Elke Bloem, Luit J. De Kok, Zhihui Yang, Shiping Wang, Ewald Schnug 43
Introgression of blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) resistance into Brassica napus from B. carinata and identification of microsatellite (SSR) markers • M. H. Rahman, G. Hawkins, M. Avery, M. R. Thiagarajah, A. G. Sharpe, R. M. Lange, V. Bansal, G. R. Stringam 47
Defining the mechanisms underlying resistance to stem rot disease (S. sclerotiorum) in Brassica napus • 
S. Roger Rimmer, Jianwei Zhao, Lone Buchwaldt, Dwayne. D. Hegedus 51 
A simple and robust micro-sensor-based technique for in vivo detection of oxidative burst elicited by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and active substances in oilseed rape • 
ZOU Qiuju, LIU Shengyi, GUO Xuelan, DONG Xuyan, CHEN Hong, ZHAO Yuandi 55
Hypovirulence and double-stranded RNA in Botrytis cinerea • 
ZHANG Lei, WU Mingde, LI Guoqing, JIANG Daohong, Hou Mingsheng 58
Use of Crucifers containing the glucosinolate-myrosinase system as a source of bioactive molecules • 
Sandro Palmieri 65
Control stem white rot of rapeseed caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum with Coniothyrium minitans, focused on application time 
CHEN Aiwu, TIAN Xinchu, JIANG Daohong, YUAN Guangfeng, XIONG Ying, WAN Yuee, LI Guoqing 69
Evaluation of a decision making tools based on RT-PCR real time in sclerotinia stem rot control in oilseed rape 
L. Ruck, A. Penaud, D. Wagner, L. Jouanneau, F. Chaubron, D. Makowski, F. Caceres, E. Pic,B. Bammé, N. Honoré, R. Bronsaer, P. Simonin, A. Merrien 75
Detection of Sclerotinia rot incidence in indian mustard from polar orbiting satellite platform
B. K. Bhattacharya, C. Chattopadhyay, S. Dutta, R. L. Meena, Sumana Roy, J. S. Parihar, N.K. Patel 79
Association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in resistance gene sequences with blackleg disease in oilseed rape (Brassica napus)
Katrin Link, Wolfgang Friedt, Rod Snowdon 84
Documenting variation in Alternaria brassicae isolates based on conidial morphology, fungicidal sensitivity and molecular profile
Sarbjeet Kaur, Gurpreet Singh, S. S. Banga 87
Verticillium longisporum – identifying resistance to a new threat in winter oilseed rape 
Christina Eynck, Gisela Grunewaldt-Stöcker, Birger Koopmann, Andreas von Tiedemann 90
Sclerotinia rot tolerance in oilseed Brassica 
Rajender Singh, Dhiraj Singh, Martin Barbetti, S. M. Stewart Wade, Harbinder Singh, S. S. Banga, Arvind Kumar, LI Caixia, Krishnapllai Sivasithamparam, P. Salisbury, Warjne Buraton, FU Tingdong 94
Pycnidiospores of Leptosphaeria maculans as primary inoculum and their infection on canola at different growth stages to develop a predictive model 
Kaveh Ghanbarnia, W. G. Dilantha Fernando 98
SkleroPro - a crop loss-related forecasting model for chemical control of Sclerotinia stem rot in winter oilseed rape in Germany 
Simone Koch, Sarah Dunker, Benno Kleinhenz², Manfred Röhrig³, Andreas von Tiedemann 102
Study on the pathogenity of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and resistance of oilseed rape to stem rot 
Yong LIU, Yinze NIU, Volker H. Paul 106
Development of resynthesized oilseed rape (Brassica napus) with improved resistance against Verticillium longisporum 
Wiebke Rygulla, Rod Snowdon, Christina Eynck, Andreas von Tiedemann, Wolfgang Friedt 109
Development of methods improving precision of risk assessment of Sclerotinia stem rot in oilseed rape
A. C. Wallenhammar, A. Sjöberg, A. Redner 112
Comparison of cultural characteristics and pathogenicity between Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and a sclerotia-forming fungus causing stem rot of welsh onion
LI Jianchang, LI Yonghong, LI Dianrong, TIAN Jianhua 116
Morphological and pathological variations in rapeseed and mustard isolates of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum from Rajasthan
R. P. Ghasolia, Asha Shivpuri 119
Development of interspecific hybrids of Brassica juncea and Brassica alba using in vitro culture for improving Alternaria blight resistance
R. C. Yadav, Dhiraj Singh, Neelam R. Yadav, Somvir Nimbal, Naveen Chandra, Omender Sangwan, Amit Singh,Harbinder Singh 121
Aster yellows disease survey in Saskatchewan, Canada, 2001–2006
Chrystel Olivier, Brian Galka, Gillian Murza, Dwayne Hegedus, Xiaomeng Peng, Ginette Séguin-Swartz, Elisabeth Boudon-Padieu, Tharcisse Barasubiye 124
Effect of abiotic factors on incidence of Sclerotinia rot on Indian mustard
C. Chattopadhyay, R. L. Meena, Sumana Roy, U. S. Rana, Arvind Kumar 127
Integration of garlic bulb extract and carbendazim can manage Sclerotinia rot on Indian mustard 
C. Chattopadhyay, R. L. Meena, P. S. Meena, Vijay R. Kumar, Arvind Kumar 129
Agronomic performance and blackleg disease reactions of yellow-seeded Brassica napus canola 
Jo-Anne Relf-Eckstein, Gerhard Rakow, Don Rode, Richard Gugel 133
Salicylic acid induces resistance to Alternaria blight in crop Brassica species
M. K. Sangha, A. K. Atwal, P. S. Sandhu, R. S. Bal, S. S. Banga 137
Understanding Sclerotinia infection in oilseed rape to improve risk assessment and disease escape
Caroline S. Young, C. Peter Werner, Jon S. West, Julie A. Smith, Sarah Rogers 140
Degradation of oxalic acid by Coniothyrium minitans and its role in suppression of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
REN Li, LI Guoqing, HAN Yongchao, JIANG Daohong, HUANG Hungchang 144 Resistance of canola cultivars to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp conglutinans
Jeremy Klassen, W. G. Dilantha Fernando 152
Rain-splash is an effective mechanism of dispersal of blackleg (Leptosphaeria maculans) pycnidiospores
R. Travadon, L. Bousset, S. Saint-Jean, H. Brun, I. Sache 154
Cultural and morphological variability in Alternaria brassicae isolates of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern & Coss.)
Dhiraj Singh, Rajender Singh, Harbinder Singh, Ram Chander Yadav, Neelam Yadav, Martin Barbetti, Phil Salisbury, Somveer Nimbal, Chirantan Chattopadhyay, Arvind Kumar 158
Development and validation of a model to describe the progress of phoma stem canker epidemics in England and France
Neal Evans, Elizabeth Pirie, Bruce D. L. Fitt, Konstantina Papastamati, Peter Gladders, Xavier Pinochet, Annette Penaud, Frank van den Bosch 161
Evaluation of chosen winter rapeseed genotypes resistance to Fusarium spp. using in vitro methods
Michal Starzycki, Eligia Starzycka, Jan Pszczola*, Danuta Solecka** 165
Quantitative resistance associated with a very efficient major gene in a single Brassica napus genotype increases the potential durability of the resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans
Hortense Brun, Anne Laure Besnard, Magali Ermel, Frédérique Eber, Anne-Marie Chèvre,Michel Renard 167
A method of field disease nursery equipped with a water spray system for identification of resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in oilseed rape
LIU Shengyi, LIU Yueying, Martin Barbetti, Phil Salisbury, LI Caixia, FU Xianhu, GUO Xuelan, DONG Caihua 171
Methyl jasmonate, benzothiadiazole and oxalic acid induce resistance and defense gene expression against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in oilseed rape
FU Hao, JI Ruiqin, HOU Mingsheng, Martin Barbetti, DONG Caihua, LIU Yueying, LIU Shengyi* 174
Effect of volatile compounds produced by bacterial biocontrol agent Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain PA23 and its transposon mutants against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
S. N. P. Athukorala, W.G. Dilantha Fernando, T. de Kievit, K. Y. Rashid 177
Molecular and biochemical detection of lipopeptide antibiotics producing Bacillus spp., antagonistic to common fungal pathogens of canola (Brassica napus L.)
Rajesh Ramarathnam, W. G. Dilantha Fernando 180
Interactions between Leptosphaeria maculans, L. biglobosa and fungicides in oilseed rape
John R. Hood, Neal Evans, Stephen Rossall, Mike Ashworth, Joanne Allin, Bruce D. L. Fitt 184
The SECURE project – Stem Canker of oilseed rape: Molecular methods and mathematical modeling to deploy durable resistance
Neal Evans, Bruce DL Fitt, Frank van den Bosch, Yong-Ju Huang, Maria Eckert, Stephane Pietravalle, Inez Demon, Konstantina Papastamati, Zbigniew Karolewski, Thierry Rouxel, Marie-Helene Balesdent, Simon Ross, Isabelle Fudal, Lilian Gout, Hortense Brun, Didier Andrivon, Lydia Bousset, Anne Laure Besnard, Peter Gladders, Xavier Pinochet, Annette Penaud, Malgorzata Jedryczka, Piotr Kachlicki, Witold Irzykowski, Anna Stachowiak, Julia Olechnowicz, Anna Podlesna, Ingrid Happstadius, Michel Renard 187
Analysis of mycelial compatibility and pathogenicity of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum isolated from oilseed crops in Canada, China, USA and England
Minghe Mo, Ziqin Li, Ru Li, Yu Chen, W.G. Dilantha Fernando 190
Cloning and characterization of the pyrrolnitrin gene cluster of Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23
R. Habibian, T. R. de Kievit, W. G. Dilantha Fernando* 194
Development of phoma stem canker (Leptosphaeria maculans) and light leaf spot (Pyrenopeziza brassicae) on current and historical oilseed rape cultivars in 2003/04, 2004/05 and 2005/06 UK growing seasons
Jenna F. Stonard, Katherine Downes, Elizabeth Pirie, Bruce DL Fitt, Neal Evans 197
Regional variation in UK populations of Leptosphaeria maculans and L. biglobosa (phoma stem canker) on oilseed rape
Jenna F. Stonard, Peter Gladders, Akinwunmi O. Latunde-Dada, Neal Evans, Ze Liu, Maria Eckert, Stephen Rossall, Bruce DL Fitt 201
Indian mustard (Brassica juncea): A potential fungicide for control of early blight (Alternaria solani) of potato
S. Tickoo, Sanjay K. Garg, H. B. Singh 205
Control of alternaria blight in oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera DC) and turnip rape (Brassica rapa var. oleifera DC)
E. Petraitiene, I. Brazauskiene 209
The current situation in the Brassica juncea- Leptosphaeria maculans pathosystem and how future changes will be monitored
V. Thomas, P. Salisbury, R. Norton, S. Marcroft 213
Phoma lingam - a rapeseed parasite in Serbia
Petar Mitrovic, Radovan Marinkovic 217
Peculiarities of Phoma lingam epidemiology and occurrence on winter and spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera) in Lithuania
I. Brazauskiene, E. Petraitiene, E. Povilioniene 220
Inhibitory effect of volatiles from rapeseed tissues on Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, white mold causal agent
Siamak Rahmanpour, David Backhouse 224
Induction of defense genes in Brassica juncea against Alternaria brassicae
Anita Grover, Rekha Joshi, Eduardo Blumwald 226
Defence components in Arabidopsis against Leptosphaeria maculans
Jens Staal, Maria Kaliff, Mattias Persson, Christina Dixelius 229

PLANT PROTECTION

Pests

Oilseed rape protection against pests in Czech Republic
Jan Kazda, Gerhard Herda, Petr Baranyk 233
Key predator species in oilseed rape crops – results of a joint field trial in integrated and standard oilseed rape crop management in United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Poland and Estonia
Wolfgang Büchs, Birgit Ahman, Daniela Felsmann, Zdzislaw Klukowski, Anne Luik, Christer Nilsson, Ingrid Williams 236
Importance of occasional pests of rapeseed-mustard in punjab, India
B. S. Sekhon 240
Occurrence and control of rapeseed stem veevil (Ceuthorhynchus asper Roel.) in northwest China
LI Yonghong, LI Jianchang, REN Junrong, TIAN Jianhua, LI Dianrong 243
Pyrethroid resistance in pest insects of oil seed rape in Germany
Udo Heimbach, Andreas Müller, Thomas Thieme* 246
European network for the durable exploitation of crop protection strategies
Neal Evans, Ian Denholm, Marco Barzman, Pierre Ricci 250
Effects of bacterial and jasmonic acid treatments on insect pests of canola
Kate Bergen, W. G. Dilantha Fernando, Neil J. Holliday 253
Pests and their natural enemies within organic winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.)
Daniel Nerad, Josef Škerík, Petr Baranyk, Perla Kuchtova, Jan Kazda 256
The CRUISER® Vigor™ Effect – Field proof and scientific explanation why this Syngenta neonicotinoid is more than an insecticide seed treatment
Michael Schade, Ryan Klaveano, Eddie Cassidy, Christoph Grimm 259
Fitness cost of resistance to chlorpyrifos in Lipaphis erysimi (Homoptera: aphididae)
Sandeep Singh Panwar, Chandra Pal Singh 262
Susceptibility of Brassica napus genotypes to infestation by cabbage stem weevil, Ceutorhynchus pallidactylus  (Mrsh.)
Michael Eickermann, Friederike Trittermann, Bernd Ulber 265
Species composition and incidence of cabbage seedpod weevil parasitoids in Georgia, U.S.A.
G. David Buntin, Gary A. P. Gibson, Michael W. Gates 268
Effect of an insecticide and fungicide seed treatment on canola production and yield under varying levels of precipitation
Charlie Rife, G. David Buntin 271
Comparative study of reproductive potential of Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) between field collected and laboratory acclimatized populations
Sandeep Singh Panwar, Chandra Pal Singh 274
France, difficulties to manage insect pests of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera): resistances to insecticides
Ballanger Yannick, Détourné Delphine, Delorme Robert, Xavier Pinochet 276
Predators as biological control agents in winter oilseed rape fields – results on predators from the EU-Project MASTER
Wolfgang Büchs, Daniela Felsmann, Oliver Schlein 280
Evaluation of some oilseed-rape cultivars against reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis 
Ismail, A.E. 284
Stage specific vulnerability of the laboratory populations of Lipaphis erysimi (kaltenbach) to some convential insecticides
Sandeep Singh Panwar, Chandra Pal Singh 286

PLANT PROTECTION

Herbicides

Volunteer canola control in subsequent crops
Brian M. Jenks, Gary P. Willoughby, Denise M. Markle 295
Studies on the tolerance to new herbicide pyribambenz-propyl in oilseed rape
JIN Zonglai, MA Jiayu, ZHANG Fan, ZHANG Wenfang, TANG Qinghong, LU Long, YE Qingfu, ZHOU Weijun 299
The critical period of weed control in winter canola (Brassica napus L.)
Majid Aghaalikhani, Saeid Reza Yaghoubi 303
Synergism of new herbicide pyribambenz-propyl and 5-aminolevulinic acid in relation to seedling growth and antioxidant activity in oilseed rape
ZHANG Wenfang, FENG Haiqiang, ZHANG Fan, JIN Zonglai, TANG Qinghong, LU Long, YE Qingfu, ZHOU Weijun 306
Effects of new herbicide Pyribambenz-propyl on photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence of different Brassica species
ZHANG Fan, LIN Jie, JIN Zonglai, ZHANG Wenfang, TANG Qinghong, LU Long, YE Qingfu, ZHOU Weijun 310 
Influence of herbicide residues in winter rapeseed on subsequently sown spring barley
David Becka, Ondrej Dvorák, Premysl Štranc, Jan Vašák 314
Oilseed rape mechanical weed control as an alternative or a complement to chemical weed control
Lionel Quéré, Jean-Louis Lucas 318

Index to Authors 322